Job Satisfaction as Antecedent of Organizational Citizenship Behavior: An Empirical Study Among Academicians

Received: 9th January 2022 | Review: 29th May 2022 | Accepted: 5th September 2022

Volume 30, Issue-4, July 2022


Purpose: Organizational citizenship behavior is significant for enhancing organizational effectiveness. Due to the importance of employee citizenship behaviors for organizations, it is necessary to analyze the impact of the antecedents of citizenship behaviors for promoting such behaviors among employees. This research work has examined the predictive ability of the different dimensions of job satisfaction in eliciting organizational citizenship behaviors among academicians working in private arts and science colleges. The dimensions of job satisfaction taken up for analysis include – salary, workload, physical work environment, interpersonal relationship, leadership style and job security. The dimensions of Organizational citizenship behavior include

– altruism, sportsmanship, conscientiousness, civic virtue and courtesy.

Methodology: Primary and Secondary data were used in this study. The primary data was based on the sample survey conducted among academic staff employed in private arts and science colleges. The sample size for the study is 112. Data was analyzed using Correlation and multiple regression methods using SPSS version 28.

Findings: The results have established job satisfaction as a significant predictor of the organizational citizenship behavior dimensions of sportsmanship, civic virtue and courtesy. Workload was found to have the strongest antecedent ability.

Practical Implication: The results of the study will help educational institutions to better manage the organizational factors that promote job satisfaction among academic staff. Satisfied staff will engage in citizenship behaviours that will strengthen the academic institution.

Originality: This research work has examined and established the predictive ability of job satisfaction in eliciting organizational citizenship behaviours among academic staff. The reciprocity norm of Social Exchange theory which advocates that satisfied employee reciprocate their satisfaction by displaying citizenship behaviour is confirmed in this work.

Keywords: Organizational Citizenship Behaviour, Job Satisfaction, academicians.

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