Cost Efficiency Vis-à-Vis Revenue Efficiency Analysis of Indian Scheduled Commercial Banks in a Dynamic Environment

Abstract: The paper endeavours to analyze Cost Efficiency vis-à-visRevenue Efficiency of Scheduled Commercial Banks (SCBs) as well as across ownership in India. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been employed to calculate the efficiency scores of SCBs over five points of time i.e. 2000-01, 2004-05, 2008- 09, 2012-13 and 2016-17. The differences in the efficiency scores are examined by applying Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).

The results of Cost and Revenue Efficiency of Indian Scheduled Commercial Banks highlight that the highest level of inefficiency subsist on the cost side as Scheduled Commercial Banks have higher Revenue Efficiency scores in comparison to Cost Efficiency scores. Cost Efficiency across ownership shows that Public Sector Banks have higher Cost Efficiency in 2000-01. Private Sector Banks are cost efficient in 2004-05 while Foreign Sector Banks show higher Cost Efficiency scores in 2008-09, 2012-13 and 2016-17. Revenue Efficiency scores shows that Public Sector Banks have higher scores as compared to Private and Foreign Sector Banks in the 2000-01 and 2004-05. Foreign Sector Banks are revenue efficient in 2008-09 and 2016-17 with Private Sector Banks taking the lead in 2012-13. The results of ANOVA reveal that there exists a statistically significant difference in Cost Efficiency and Revenue Efficiency among banks in different sectors over different points of time. Read more